Plattsburgh, New York
The Town of Plattsburgh, New York was founded in 1784 by Zephanaiah Platt and a crew of sailors he brought with him from Long Island. Long before Platt, the land was inhabited by the Iroquois, Western Abenaki, Mohican, and Mohawk people. The land was claimed for New France in 1609, even though it was inhabited by natives first. Fighting between fur traders from France and England developed into the French and Indian War (1756-1763), which prevented permanent settlements in the area until 1763 when France surrendered the territory to England.
The city government consists of the Mayor, currently Assemblyman Billy Jones, and many other departments including the City Clerk, Parks and Recreation, City Engineer, and Public Works. In the 1950’s the Plattsburgh Airforce Base was established and the populations increased dramatically. It continued to increase in the 1960’s, 70’s and 80’s. The Adirondack Northway and Plattsburgh State University College were established in the 60’s. When the Airforce Base closed in 1995 the foundation of the city’s economy was forced to change completely. The Airforce Base has since been converted into housing, civil development, industry and business successfully. Plattsburgh International Airport, along with the strong regional economy allow the town to thrive to this day. The Plattsburgh Airforce Base is the city’s claim to fame in terms on the history of work because it provided the most employment in the area while it was open, and continues to now that it is being used as an industrial park.
Plattsburgh had a recorded population of 19,740 people in 2014. The entire population of Plattsburgh lives in what are considered urban conditions. The median income per household in Plattsburgh was $33,941 in 2015, and the median income per capita was $19,606 in 2015. Both the income per household and income per capita have increased since 2000. Plattsburgh is 86.7% white, 4% African American, and 3.7% Hispanic.
The area has a school system that includes primary, secondary and higher education. Plattsburgh City School District has seven schools, including elementary, middle and high schools. The area has a two-year post-secondary education institution, Clinton Community College, and a four-year university, Plattsburgh State University College. Plattsburgh State University College has a combined undergraduate and graduate student body of around 6,000. The first teaching school established in Plattsburgh was the Plattsburgh Normal School. The man responsible for the founding of the Normal School was Smith M. Weed, who petitioned the cause to build a teacher’s college in the city of Plattsburgh. His proposals began as early as 1869 and were not formally accepted by the New York State Senate until 1888. The Plattsburgh Normal and Training School Bill was passed in June 1889 by both houses of the New York State Legislature. It was signed into law by Governor David B. Hill. The Plattsburgh Normal School was founded in 1889 and although a fire destroyed the building in 1929, it was rebuilt in 1932. The school was used as an institution to train teachers until 1948. In 1948, it became Plattsburgh State University College.
Banner Image: Unknown photographer. SUNY Plattsburgh. https://plexuss.com/college/suny-college-at-plattsburgh
Breakout Image: Unknown photographer. Normal School. SUNY Plattsburgh Special Collections. http://digitalcommons.plattsburgh.edu/plattsburgh_normal_school_photogr…
 The Town of Plattsburgh, "History of the Town," Town of Plattsburgh.
 City Data, "Plattsburgh, NY," City Data, last modified 2015, accessed March 14, 2017, http://www.city-data.com/city/Plattsburgh-New-York.html.
 CivicPlus, "History," Discover Plattsburgh, NY.
 Plexuss, "About SUNY College at Plattsburgh," Plexuss, accessed March 14, 2017, https://plexuss.com/college/suny-college-at-plattsburgh.